A mais nova edição do periódico “L'Homme - Revue française d’anthropologie" traz o dossiê “Pacifications urbaines”. Confira o artigo “Peace Challenges and the Moral Weapons of Pacification in Rio de Janeiro”, escrito pela brasileira Carly Machado.
Fundada em 196, a Revista L’Homme acolhe múltiplas correntes da pesquisa antropológica compreendida em sentido amplo, sem negligenciar o aporte interdisciplinar. Com audiência internacional, selecionada pelo Instituto de Ciência da Informação, indexada por Current Contents e Anthropological Index, esta revista publica trabalhos originais de pesquisadores franceses e estrangeiros. E conjuga textos teóricos, ensaios críticos e estudos etnográficos, dando atenção aos novos objetos de estudo, reavaliando os domínios clássicos da antropologia, e apresentando os novos métodos de investigação do fato social e cultural.
Peace Challenges and the Moral Weapons of Pacification in Rio de Janeiro
The policy known as « pacification » in Rio de Janeiro started as an intervention proposed by Brazil’s State Secretary of Public Security in 2008, with the official objective of ‘retaking territories’ under the control of criminal factions. In practice this meant military occupation of the ’favelas and control of their populations. The main aim of this article is to analyze the pacification project in Rio de Janeiro and its multiple effects over the last eight years, looking beyond public security practices and Brazilian state forces, and proposing a reflection on the symbolic, moral and cultural processes that contribute significantly to the legitimization of pacification actions. Based on different experiences in the field, this article analyses two events staged in Complexo do Alemão six months after its occupation : the « Peace Challenge » race and a Gospel Show. They reveal, different moral « weapons » from the arsenal of pacification, such as religious and cultural practices and discourses that model and remodel ways of living, thinking and feeling in these territories and their effects on the populations targeted by these interventions. The conclusion to this paper suggests that a key element of Rio de Janeiro’s pacification policy is the dissociative potential of state practices that impact the residents’ own creative strategies for protection and resistance, by influencing local social relations and partnerships established over decades in Rio’s favelas. While we might hastily conclude that the presence of the state offers an alternative regime of protection to favela residents, careful long-term research demonstrates that this « dissociation » is a goal in itself, and its consequences are simply further vulnerability and exposure of this population to state violence.
Acesse a nova edição do periódico “L'Homme - Revue française d’anthropologie”.